Let’s say that a random person leaves its country due to war, hunger, economic reasons or even because the status which the West established in this country proved no freedom, no democracy, no future at all. According to EU’s terminology this person could be called either refugee or migrant. Refugees are these whose country is ruined by the alliances which didn’t approve the country’s regime (e.g. Libya, Afghanistan, Iraq). Migrants are these who are either in danger which they cannot show (because their countries have been “saved”) or are starving and are risking to die if they remain in their countries (e.g. sub-Saharan Africa). All these hundreds of thousands of persons, people, souls, human beings try to reach Europe and more specifically EU which is said to be better than their own motherland.
The outcome of this account is that: Millions are forced to live in appalling conditions Thousands are drowned (many of them are children) About 10000 thousand children who entered EU are now missing Hundreds are killed by border guards Thousands are marginalized Millions are so weak that they cannot confront their real tyrants.
However, Austria, Skopje, Hungary and other drenched in hate and bigotry nations, think that the human right of living with dignity belongs to them.
Quite the opposite. They are the ones whose racism, intolerance and xenophobia the world wouldn’t miss at all. They are the ones who fall short of respect and have a surplus of despotismandaudacity. And if the world had limited space, they are the ones without whom ordinary people could afford to live.
In Greece, a proverb says roughly: Away from our ass and let it get wherever it wants.
It means that one wishes that unpleasant, uncomfortable, painful or nasty situations may harm anyone, as long as they don’t reach him. That is the mentality, morality and ethics of the governments (and the people?) of these states.
Actually, no disaster would be a … worthy reward for such narrow minds and souls, but we all have to live on the same planet.
It was just yesterday when a posting has been shared here about actions which would take place in Paris alongside COP21 (the summit of UN for the climate). During the night, Paris has become victim of murderers fascists terrorists and human lives have been lost in Europe as well -apart from almost all around the world. It is extremely early to reach “safe” (what a word!) conclusions but I believe there are a few points worth mentioning. It is understood that the attacks have created a status which several sources have chosen to name «European 11 September». This name-giving is an omen by itself. At the same time, France closed its borders -or intensified border controls, other sources say- and was declared a state of emergency, which are both provided and expected measures under extreme situations. “French police ban all public demonstrations in Paris region until Thursday”, according to AFP, while the army has been mobilised inside Paris. Every guest/speaker at TV news shows relate, one way or another, terrorism with refugees. Unavoidable to repeat here the opinion about the terrorism from which refugees are fleeing (see Fleeing Morality and Refugees), which is induced by “regime change” interests/obsessions of the West/ USA/ NATO and inflicted wars in Middle East and Northern Africa.
The correspondent of a Greek TV channel in France, among others, informed us that President Hollande had already planned measures of border controls for the people who would arrive to participate to marches, ahead of COP21.
Conclusively, a certain type of measures would and shall obstruct or block peaceful protesters. Therefore, terrorists have led to the same type of measures aimed anyway for civilians. Therefore, people have been killed and shot, human lives have been lost, persons have died and the result is that restricting civil actions is appropriate means for containing danger.
Attacks both in Ankara, Turkey last October and Paris last night, aimed normal civil functions and activities.
(Turkey has conveniently blamed Curds -as usual- but that’s another form of obsession/perversion.) What has been attacked in both recent cases is the everyday life, the “normality”, the freedom of ordinary people to have ordinary activities. Fear destroys everything acting either like tsunami or cancer.
I repeat that it’s very early to anticipate or predict what the near (and far) future is carrying. Signs give a glimpse.
Incidentally, a few days ago, passing additional control at Paris airport, near an American woman, I commented that “9/11 has destroyed us all” and she responded that it is inconvenient indeed but “it is for our safety”.
For “safety” (but not privacy or dignity) reasons I know now what she carried inside her bag and the next person waiting knows what I carried in mine.
A Greek song repeats the motto “for my own good” while describing the hardship and suffering incurred and imposed for this reason. For who’s “good” rights and liberties will be limited? For who’s “good” Muslim European citizens or migrants or refugees are likely to suffer even more discrimination, racism, bigotry, xenophobia and atrocities (as has already happened) by “europeans”?
We stand by Paris people in any way we can and we keep our minds and hearts clear of fear.
Two distinctive facts took place the last days. One peaceful and democratic, such as elections in Denmark, on Thursday and a violent, such as the killing of nine people in a church of Charleston, South Carolina, USA. Regardless of the distance and their difference in nature, the two events have common characteristics and each of them underlines the existing problems of racism, xenophobia and anti-immigration in both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
In Denmark, the Danish People’s Party (DF or DPP), a traditionally populist, far-right party that focuses on immigration and social issues is now the second largest in the country and is going to back the coalition of the center-right bloc.
“Danish voters ousted Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt in an election on Thursday and handed power to an opposition centre-right alliance including huge gains for a eurosceptic, anti-immigrant party”, according to Reuters while teleSUR reports: “Anti-immigration and Euroscepticism triumphed in the Thursday elections, as far right and liberal parties were voted in to replace country’s first female prime minister. Denmark’s center-right bloc secured 90 seats in Parliament, out of a total 179, with liberal opposition leader Lars Lokke Rasmussen to take-on the position of prime minister. The backing from the far right party Danish Peoples’ Party (DF), which secured second place in elections Thursday, gives the coalition a majority”.
“The far-right Danish People’s party (DPP) triumphed in the European elections, winning Denmark’s biggest share of the vote as EU-sceptic parties from across the Nordic countries gained further ground in the European parliament”, notes The Guardian.
According to Reuters again: “The party has already managed to set the agenda on some issues without being in government – mainstream parties across the political aisle talked about curbing immigration, following its lead, and DF won an important concession from centre-right parties on its stance on the European Union. Just before the election, the centre-right parties agreed to support British Prime Minister David Cameron’s bid to reform the EU. DF also wants to go further and call an in-or-out referendum on EU membership for Denmark.”
In Europe and inside EU, anti-immigrant parties have gained ground.
“Finland’s anti-immigration Finns party – previously known as the True Finns – increased its number of MEPs to two, but its share of the vote (13%) didn’t match its success in the last national election when it won 19%.” (The Guardian)
In UK elections of early May, the anti-European Union UK Independence Party took 12.6 %, although David Cameron is conservative and eurosceptic enough to announce plans for banning free speech as a form of new counter-extremism laws to tackle terrorism. New laws were due to be introduced in parliament when it would re-open at the end of May, according to The Conversation.
Denmark and UK are the two countries “legally exempt from joining the euro zone unless their governments decide otherwise, either by parliamentary vote or referendum, while the Swedish people turned down euro adoption in a 2003 referendum and since then the country has intentionally avoided fulfilling the adoption requirements by not joining European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM II), which is voluntary”. (Wikipedia)
Greece is not an exemption to this recent “rule” of raising racism. The ultra nationalist, fascist, neo-nazi and (therefore) anti-immigrant and xenophobic party “golden dawn” has 17 of 300 seats of the Parliament and 3 in the EP. (Wikipedia)
Neither is France, with their far-right National Front of Le Pen family, which has boosted its power at the municipal elections. I
n addition, “NF will spearhead a new far-right political bloc in the European Parliament, a long-delayed move that will boost the funding and influence of anti-immigrant and anti-European Union voices in the legislature. The new group, called “Europe of Nations and of Freedoms,” brings together 36 lawmakers from seven different countries. It will give a higher profile to parties that have been marginalized in Brussels, amid close cooperation among the three main party groups since European-wide elections in May 2014”, reports The Wall Street Journal.
On the other hand, in USA, the long history of racism seems to revive – if it ever ended.
Killings of African-American citizens by the police are proved to be more a social than an “inside” problem.
Last Wednesday, Dylann Roof, a young white man has shot nine people inside a church of the black community in Charleston. Roof confessed, he has been arrested and is charged with hate crimes and possession of guns.
“Roof’s crime cannot be divorced from the ideology of white supremacy which long animated his state nor from its potent symbol—the Confederate flag”, notes Ta-Nehisi Coates in the The Atlantic.
Although the Confederate flag is presented as a “heritage” symbol by its defenders, the not-so-hidden symbolism remains white supremacy. A symbol asks for action and action needs means.
Widespread possession of arms inside USA is fiercely defended by the powerful National Rifle Association (NRA) which is tightly connected with conservatives.
Therefore, no gun control has been applied not even after several mass shootings in the past (Aurora, Newtown etc).
Instead, NRA addresses a message to Barack Obama and to Hilary Clinton (!) claiming that: “…the heroes, the ones who are willing to fight and die for his freedoms demands a commander-in-chief worthy of such sacrifice.” [… ]
Obviously, NRA “feels” that Obama and Hilary have or could do what is logic and necessary: Restrict guns or apply serious measures for gun control.
President Barack Obama however, has used “hard rhetoric” (american mutatis mutandis) on free gun market stating, according to The Atlantic: “We don’t have all the facts, but we do know that, once again, innocent people were killed in part because someone who wanted to inflict harm had no trouble getting their hands on a gun.” Not even close but again that’s USA.
A crucial aspect of this new massacre is, again, racism.
Americans seem to have never learned that all the people, inside and outside their country have human rights. Centuries after the invasion in American continent, they (well, many and not all of them, hopefully) don’t accept that people of all races and religions who are american citizens are equal to “whites”. Decades of fights for equal opportunities and rights have not “touched” a portion of american population. Even worse, they have not changed their mindset which is reflected more often than never into their policies inside and outside their country.
The way the two above mentioned facts in Denmark and in USA are connected becomes obvious. When “official” violence which aims to suppress movements and fights is not enough or when policies (global, regional or national) have to be imposed without facing reactions and opposition, the “card” of discord, division, internal fights and hate is used.
While USA faces a raise of their “traditional” racism, Europe itself has a long history of exploitation of humans, whether they are residents of their colonies or newcomers into more powerful countries.
Xenophobia, intolerance and racism are used against people who refuge in European countries to save their lives (article TWTP) and are dictated by the intention of governing elites to deviate people’s minds from the real responsible for their problems.
Nations, races or groups of people are demonized and then victimized when an effort is made to cause fear against difference.
Palestinians are such a victim the last 60 years. Of course, their tyrant and exterminator uses fear to obscure the facts and to persuade ordinary people against them presenting them as “threat” and enemy. It is exactly the same as hate of extremists islamists of ISIS who are obsessed in killing anyone they think as enemy.
Western methods of tackling with them do not differ much and they perpetuate the circle of mistrust, fear, intolerance and finally hate.
As far as it concerns EU, a very obscure side of that (not so sudden) raise of anti-immigrant parties is that they are also “eurosceptics”. This combination hides the notion that EU is somehow “the opposite of racism” and serves equality and human rights. Under this aspect, EU is beatified before the eyes of discontented citizens who have lost quality of life, social security, jobs, homes and rights. They are kept “quiet” and happy because the “good Union” protects them from the bad eurosceptics who happen to be racists and officials do not mention the fact that both uprooted people and fascists are their creation.
No surprise that racism (together with all its instigators as well as manifestations) is spreading after a short period of impairment just in time to manipulate low paid and with no social security people (Greece is a representative example). Xenophobia, intolerance and racism serve the perpetually smoldering purpose of a world dominance of elites.
The volume of publications about this week’s issues turned the article to not-so-brief but instead, and hopefully, comprehensive.
(On the last minute’s (bad) news about Nepal, new updates will be posted as soon as they come. You will also find ways to help people of Nepal**.)
– Updated April 27 – 11:39 GMT
Earthquake in Nepal
On April 25 (Saturday before noon), an earthquake with magnitutde of 7.9 hit Nepal, near its capital, Katmandu.
New York Times report that: “A spokesperson for Nepal’s home ministry, Laxmi Prasad Dhakal, said the preliminary death toll stood at 356, and that thousands of people had been injured. Trekkers reported a major avalanche on Mount Everest, with some teams reported missing. In addition, 13 deaths had been reported in India by midafternoon”.
Later reporting of The Wall Street Journal, citing a spokesman of the police, raises the number of dead to 449* and specifies magnitude to 7.8.
WSJ also mentions that there are fears that people are trapped inside debris of buildings and also that accorging to witnessess, a large avalanche has destryed camps of trekkers and adventurer’s.
“I have been in earthquakes before, but this was the mother of all earthquakes,” said Prithivi Pande, a 60-year-old banker in Katmandu. “It went on and on and on. Everything was falling off the walls.”
The same reporting informs: “In neighboring India, at least 18 people died in the northern state of Bihar, which borders Nepal, and 62 others were injured, according to Alok Raj, a senior police officer in the state” and also, “ In Katmandu, Suraj Vaidya, a Nepalese businessman, said he saw the historic nine-story Dharahara tower in the center of Katmandu collapse to the ground”.
Unfortunately, nature hit Nepal; a poor country which has faced a recent wave of political turmoil amid debate over a new constitution and is struggling to restore political and economic stability.
Mediterranean Sea has become the grave of more that 1,700 men, women and children refugees since the beginning to 2015 according to Amnesty International. The desperate victims of the western-ignited wars risk and many of them lose their lives.
After Libya was destroyed by USA, not only the infrastructures and the refuge camps of the country cannot hospitalize asylum seekers fleeing wars in Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan as it was the norm during Gaddafi administration, but also Libyan people too, try to pass to Europe in boats.
Greece, Italy and Malta are the countries which accept the highest proportion of the people trying to enter Europe searching to live a safe life.
This year, 36,000 survivors reached the three countries and none of them has the means and cannot afford to keep all these people.
“Only 5,000 resettlement places across Europe are to be offered to refugees under the emergency summit crisis package to be agreed by EU leaders in Brussels on Thursday [April 23rd]”, according to The Guardian’s information and a leaked confidential draft statement. The majority of them will be sent back (where?) as irregular migrants.
The UN Refugee Agency “joined other organizations in a call on European leaders to put human life, rights and dignity first today when agreeing upon a common response to the humanitarian crisis in the Mediterranean”.
UNHCR praise the European Union (EU) which “was founded on fundamental principles of humanity, solidarity and respect for human rights”.
The statement says: “We urge EU Member States to demonstrate moral and political leadership in adopting a holistic and forward-looking action plan centred upon these values.”
EU has an-anything-but honorary involvement in the destruction of Syria and Libya but also in Afghanistan and Iraq. The “literary” separation of people into migrants, asylum seekers and refugees and the try to waive responsibility are the opposite of European humanism of (very) older times.
“The reputation of Europe is at stake,” said Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni. “I have been saying for weeks and months that Europe has to do more, now unfortunately the reality has hit us in the face”, reports Reuters
The diplomatic conflict between Spain and Venezuela hardens with Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, recalling Spanish ambassador in Venezuela on April 22nd.
The series of events started when the conservative leader of Popular Party, Rajoy, taking the role of US spokesman last October intervened in Venezuela’s internal affairs concerning detainment and trial of extreme right-wing opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez and for a second time last March, when he condemned the arrest of Caracas mayor Antonio Ledezma.
After Rajoy’s first comments, Venezuela recalled its ambassador to Spain and called him to respect Venezuela in the same way Venezuela respects Spanish people.
Lopez was arrested after his involvement in a wave of violence in Venezuela that sought to destabilise the government of President Nicolas Maduro, and that left 43 dead and over 1000 injured, reported teleSUR. Ledezma was arrested on February for having a role in Blue Coup, a plot of the US to overthrow Venezuelan government.
Mr Rajoy, who is aware and concerned of the rise of Podemos inside his country, seems to choose blind conservatism.
His right government has opposed “Podemos friendly” Syriza government and maintains a very tough stance against Greece during negotiations with EU.
Would he let go unpunished any attempt to violently or by coup overturn his government?
However, according to teleSUR, tension seemed to normalize after both sides made conciliatory statements. In a televised speech Nicolas Maduro said: “Yesterday (Friday), the Spanish government issued a statement expressing its willingness to maintain positive relations with our government; and I welcome positive relations but they must be based on mutual respect”. Maduro added that his government is willing to cooperate in any efforts to improve diplomatic relations but emphasized that Venezuelan sovereignty must be respected. Spanish Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Garcia on Sunday, expressed his country’s “happiness” and added that “with all probability, the ambassador to Venezuela will return to Caracas in the following hours.”
Wikileaks-Sony and the Postponed War
The story of the uncovering of Sony Hack by Wikileaks is a topic that came to light on April 16th (see Press Release here).
The aftermath though is a new reality which clearly shows that propaganda is the strong card of American intelligence and administration, Media and even Hollywood.
The released documents uncover the connection between two scandals, these of the University of North Carolina (UNC) and of Sony hacking.
“The University of North Carolina academic scandal involving athletes in “paper classes” consumed sports media and prompted action by university administrators nationwide.
The Sony Pictures email hacking scandal shook the entertainment industry and prompted large corporations to reassess their network securities. Not surprisingly, WikiLeaks has uncovered the intersection of the two. A quick search of “UNC” on the site where WikiLeaks has published some of those hacked emails reveals that reporters and high-level Sony execs were very interested in the goings on in Chapel Hill”, reports wralsportsfun.com.
And The Wrap notes: “The data, which has been indexed as a fully searchable archive on WikiLeaks, was sourced from the devastating cyber attack on the studio in November 2014.
The site’s founder Julian Assange qualified the publication of the material as showing “the inner workings of an influential multinational corporation. It is newsworthy and at the center of a geo-political conflict… It belongs in the public domain.”
Someone should warn Mr Kim Jong Un: The next casus belli won’t take long to be invented.
The pharmaceutical company Glaxo Smith Kline ordered a recall of its 4 in 1 vaccine against certain types of flu named Flulaval.
GSK stated that “the vaccine might cause more harm than good because it is not good enough to protect someone from the current flu strains present in the US”. Because Flulaval is ineffective, the remaining 1.7 million doses are being recalled while GSK conducts testing on the product to prove efficiency.
The recall, although for the benefit of public health, will possibly contribute to the increase of widespread skepticism and opposition to vaccination, worldwide.
According to reporting of Guardian on April 21st: “A major study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), one of the world’s leading medical journals has concluded that there is no link between the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccination and autism in children”.
The study disproves the research of 1998 of Andrew Wakefield that there is a link between MMR vaccine and the appearance of autism and bowel disease, but “the belief that autism and vaccinations are linked continues to cause many parents to decide against having their children immunised”, according to Guardian.
Though it is rather common for citizens of other countries in Africa or Asia to oppose vaccination -with good reasons-, there is also a strong anti-vaccination movement (AVM) which attributes to vaccination diseases (as above) in Western countries, mostly among conservatives or because of religious beliefs.
“Some American families who fear vaccines may cause autism, and others who don’t trust the federal government are choosing not to vaccinate. In some places diseases once thought to be conquered are making a comeback”, comments USA Today which also reports: “Recent measles outbreaks in New York, California and Texas are examples of what could happen on a larger scale if vaccination rates dropped, says Anne Schuchat, the CDC’s director of immunizations and respiratory diseases.”
In Australia, where the vaccine-deniers risked to be exempted of health services, “on 19th April, Social services minister Scott Morrison announced the exemption the religious group that calls itself Christian Scientists ‘is no longer current or necessary and will therefore be removed’. Children of members of the religious organisation enjoyed exemptions from being vaccinated from 1998. ‘Having resolved this outstanding matter, the government will not be receiving nor authorising any further vaccination exemption applications from religious organisations,’ Morrison added”, reports the australian edition of International Business Times.
The distrust to big pharmaceuticals is based on facts and of many past “accidents” either from vaccines or from other drugs. The phantom of thalidomide and the near 60 year-old drama of its victims won’t stop to haunt big-pharma.
On April 22nd, Chilean volcano Calbuco erupted. Calbuco woke up after more than 40 years and Chile declared state of emergency.
“The Calbuco volcano is located 900 kilometers south of Chile’s capital Santiago, and is also 600 kilometers away from Argentine Nequen province.
Authorities expect the ashes from the eruption to reach Argentina.
Another volcano in Chile is also in eruptive phase, the Villarica volcano, which is located close to Cabulco”, informs teleSUR.
“The first eruption on Wednesday sent a thick plume of ash and smoke several kilometres into the sky and more than 5,000 people were evacuated from the sparsely populated area about 1,000km south of the capital Santiago and near the tourist town of Puerto Varas. Wednesday’s eruptions also triggered flight cancellations in Chile and Argentina while in Chile, flights are not taking off to as far north as Concepcion, 630km from the volcano, as northeasterly winds blow ash in the direction of the capital, forcing thousands of people to remain stuck in the airports”, reports Al Jazeera.
“While the Calbuco eruption was the largest in recent memory, scientists suspect it will not have a detectable impact on climate”, according to The Washington Post, unlike when “200 years ago this month, a much larger volcanic eruption rocked the globe, and left the Earth with a Year Without a Summer”.
Chile is one of the volcanic countries of South and Central America, together with Peru, Ecuador, Guatemala, Colombia and Argentina.
In June 2011 a chain of volcanoes of the country, Puyehue-Cordon-Caulle, erupted causing earthquakes and rising smoke and volcanic ashes, which reached neighboring Argentina. Back then, the officials had issued red alert and about 3,500 people had been displaced.
One year earlier, in May 2010, “two explosive eruptions shook two huge volcanoes, Guatemala’s Pacaya and Ecuador’s Tungurahua, forcing thousands of people to flee their homes and disrupting air traffic as ash drifted over major cities”, reported CBSNews.
Calbuco last erupted in 1972 and is considered one of the top three most potentially dangerous among Chile’s 90 active volcanoes, according to the AP news agency.
Chile, on the Pacific “Rim of Fire”, has the second largest chain of volcanoes in the world after Indonesia, including around 500 that are potentially active.
In March, volcano Villarrica, also in southern Chile, erupted in spectacular fashion, sending a plume of ash and lava high into the sky, but quickly subsided.
Though on TV or in photos, a volcanic eruption looks spectacular, it is certainly a frightening and dangerous natural phenomenon.
“It sounded like a big tractor trailer passing by the road, rattling and shaking, guttural rumbling … we left everything there, grabbed my kid, my dog, got in the car with my wife,” said Moffat, who was driving to nearby Puerto Varas at the time, to Reuters.
An “unrepresentative” for the country’s history phenomenon has emerged in South Africa.
A wave of xenophobic attacks in the country of historic fighter against apartheid and leader Nelson Mandela has spread fear among migrant workers and foreigners who keep business.
The violent attacks are attributed to Zulu nationalists but “South Africa’s Zulu king, Goodwill Zwelithini, insisted he was not behind a wave of violence against migrant workers he had compared a month before to head lice”, notes Reuters and continues: “His words had been twisted by the media, he said. If he had really given the order for his legions of followers to attack, ‘this country would be ashes’. [!]
Remarks like those, with the direct threat of violence, have alarmed politicians and activists in South Africa, who say they amount to an open challenge to the post-apartheid order and its elected leadership, from the traditional head of its biggest ethnic group, the 10 million strong Zulu nation”.
Ironically, President Zuma’s eldest son, Edward, last week also came out in full support of King Zwelithini’s controversial statement.
President Jacob Zuma, whose party ANC won by 62,2% of votes in May 2014 elections, said addressing to the parliament that the police are working round the clock to protect both foreign nationals and citizens and to arrest looters and those committing acts of violence.
Since the provocative remarks of Zwelithini on March 20, the results of the attacks are at least seven killed people, destructions of shops, open attacks to foreigners and the international community’s outcry.
“The Philippines on Wednesday, April 22, denounced the wave of anti-immigrant violence in South Africa as the Southeast Asian country advised its estimated 3,000 nationals there to keep themselves safe”, reports Rappler.
The Philippines’ Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) said in a statement: “The Philippines condemns the wave of violence aimed at foreign workers, and joins the South African government and the international community in denouncing the aggression directed against foreigners during these 3 weeks of unrest”. NSNBC reports that neighbouring’s Mozambique Deputy Health Minister Mouzinho Saide, “informed the press on April 21st, that the recent violence against migrant workers and other foreigners in South Africa caused some 1,500 Mozambican migrant workers to flee. Saide added that 107 of the Mozambicans returned from Durban in buses which had been made available to them by the government”.
Nsnbc also notes: “Most South African, Mozambican and international media as well as politicians would tout the violence as ‘xenophobic’” and adds that: “The underlying causes are, however, by some analysts considered to be closely related to the South African ANC government’s failure to negotiate appropriate wages for both South African and for migrant workers with South African trade unions”.
The same website concludes: “Arguably, decent wages rather than neo-liberalism, lethal violence against striking workers and a race to the bottom under BRICS cover would be a better remedy for the situation than Jacob Zuma’s call for a day of prayers against the violence”.
Violence against foreigners and xenophobia are against the mentality of Rainbow Nation’s hardly acquired liberties.
And as Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane said in parliament according to spyghana.com: “In 1994, (late) President Mandela made a commitment that never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience oppression of one by another”.